Hand wearing a protective blue glove holding a blood sample.

Hemoglobin A1c

Glycated or glycosylated hemoglobin is an assay performed in order to diagnose and monitor treatment for type one and type two diabetes. Most commonly referred to as hemoglobin A1c, this assay was initially isolated from other types of hemoglobin in 1958 via the use of a chromatographic column. However, the correlation between diabetes mellitus and …

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Scientist wearing a white medical piping a sample into a 4 mL tube. Running an aTG assay.

aTG Assay

Thyroglobulin (TG) is the precursor of the thyroid hormones tri-iodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4). Autoantibodies against thyroglobulin (aTG) is an in-vitro assay used to aid in the diagnosis of Hashimoto’s and Grave’s disease, both of which are autoimmune diseases affecting the thyroid gland, as well as other thyroid disorders. Symptoms of hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) include …

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Doctor examining a patients feet.

Nail Fungal Panel

Fungal nail infections are common infections caused by the overgrowth of fungi which disrupt the environment of the toenail or fingernail through small cracks in the nail or surrounding skin. These pathogens can cause the nail to appear discolored (yellow, brown, or white), fragile or cracked, thickened, and even distorted in shape. According to the …

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Young girl with a hand over her chest and a graphic of her lungs shown over top.

Respiratory Pathogen Panels

Zeroing in on Respiratory Tract Infections Chest and lung infections result in highly variable symptoms that complicate diagnosis. Nasal congestion, coughing & sneezing, fever, painful swallowing, and sore throat: these indications and more offer doctors no immediate clue as to whether the infectious agent is bacterial, viral, or fungal. Serology and culturing are traditional methods …

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Precision Medicine through Molecular Diagnostics

How Molecular Diagnostics is Changing Medicine Molecular biology is not new. Throughout the 1990s, genetics research led to the discovery of new genes and to the development of DNA sequencing techniques that, over time, helped miniaturize and commercialize the testing process. Today, molecular diagnosis is practical and affordable for use in clinical laboratories, making it …

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