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MecA

Antibiotic resistance is a serious topic in the medical community, as new drugs are developed and used for the treatment of infections these bacteria have the potential of evolving countermeasures to help themselves survive and resist such drugs. This works through the process of natural selection, as antibiotics kill off bacteria the ones that survive …

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Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is a term describing inflammation of the superficial tissue (conjunctiva) of the eye. It can be either infectious or non-infectious. Infectious causes can be viral or bacterial. Non-infectious causes include allergies, chemical irritation, physical injury or foreign bodies, or certain systemic diseases. These must be differentiated from infectious causes since the treatments are completely different, and if the …

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Cortisol Assay

Cortisol, a steroid hormone, is synthesized from cholesterol. It is synthesized in the zona fasciculata layer of the adrenal cortex. Cortisol has many functions in the human body, such as mediating the stress response, regulating metabolism, the inflammatory response, and immune function. Blood levels of cortisol vary throughout the day, but generally are higher in …

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Insulin Production

Insulin is considered one of the main anabolic hormones produced in the human body and aids in the regulation of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. It does this by promoting the absorption of glucose from blood into liver cells, skeletal muscle cells, or fat cells. From there, glucose is converted and stored as glycogen or …

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