Knowledge Center

RT-PCR

Moraxella catarrhalis

Moraxella catarrhalis is a type of bacteria that is part of the normal flora of the human respiratory system. It is Gram-negative bacteria that can cause many diseases in children and adults, such as Acute Otitis Media, Sinusitis, and COPD. In rare cases, it can cause Pneumonia or Bronchitis in adults with weakened immune systems

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Microbiology

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a gram-negative rod that grows in aerobic conditions. It is a multidrug-resistant pathogen associated with hospital-acquired infections, ventilator-associated pneumonia, sepsis, and urinary tract infections. This bacterium is considered an opportunistic organism because it can cause very serious infections in those with preexisting conditions – most notably cystic fibrosis and immunocompromised patients. When

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Doctor sitting and a table with a patient discussing vitamin B12. Patients hands are folded on the table.
Chemistry

Vitamin B12

The Vitamin B12 assay is an in vitro test used for the quantitative determination of Vitamin B12 in human serum and plasma. Vitamin B12 is necessary for DNA synthesis, cellular energy production, and red blood cell production. Vitamin B12 deficiency was introduced in 1849 and was originally thought to be fatal. This changed in 1926 when it was discovered that a

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Female doctor reviewing notes with her female patient in the exam room.
Chemistry

TSH Assay

The TSH (Thyroid Stimulating Hormone) assay is an in vitro test used for the quantitative determination of TSH in human serum and plasma. This hormone regulates weight, body temperature, muscle strength, and a person’s mood. The Thyrotropin-releasing hormone, which is produced by the hypothalamus, controls the production of TSH. The Thyroid Stimulating Hormone is also regulated by the Free T4 (thyroxine) and

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Nurse wearing PPE suit or Medical workers in full protective gear takes sample from woman driver inside the car. Drive-thru test for Coronavirus COVID-19
RT-PCR

SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant

A new SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant, lineage B.1.1.529 was first detected in Botswanan on November 11, 2021, and South Africa on November 14, 2021. It is noted that Omicron has over 30 mutations, several of which (eg 69–70del, T95I, G142D/143–145del, K417N, T478K, N501Y, N655Y, N679K, and P681H) overlap with those in the alpha, beta, gamma or

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Mature woman talks with her doctor about giardia lamblia in clinic.
RT-PCR

Giardia Lamblia

Giardia lamblia is a flagellated unicellular eukaryotic microorganism that is a common cause of diarrhea in humans along with other mammals all over the world. This stool parasite is the main reason for waterborne outbreaks of diarrhea in the United States. It is also on occasion seen as a cause of foodborne diarrhea, according to the

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