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TSH Assay

The TSH assay is an in vitro test used for the quantitative determination of TSH in human serum and plasma. The anterior pituitary gland produces Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH). Thyrotropin releasing hormone, which is produced by the hypothalamus, controls the production of TSH. TSH is also regulated by the Free T4, thyroxine, and T3, triiodothyronine,

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Vitamin B12 Assay

The Vitamin B12 assay is an in vitro test used for the quantitative determination of Vitamin B12 in human serum and plasma. Vitamin B12 is necessary for DNA synthesis, cellular energy production, and red blood cell production. Vitamin B12 deficiency was introduced in 1849 and was originally thought to be fatal. This changed in 1926

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Prothrombin Time (PT)

The prothrombin time (PT) is the most commonly used anticoagulant test and was first introduced into use by Dr. Armand Quick and colleagues in 1935.1 The PT is used to evaluate the tissue factor (TF) and common coagulation pathway thus affecting the activity of the coagulation factors II (FII, V (FV), VII (FVII), X (FX),

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Otitis Externa

  Otitis externa (also known as “swimmer’s ear”) is inflammation of the external ear canal.  It is often caused by bacterial or fungal infection that responds well to topical treatment. However, some people are more susceptible to severe infection that can invade surrounding structures.  When this happens, it is called malignant otitis externa, and can

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Insulin

  Insulin is considered one of the main anabolic hormones produced in the human body and aids in the regulation of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism. It does this by promoting the absorption of glucose from blood into liver cells, skeletal muscle cells or fat cells. From there, glucose is converted and stored as glycogen

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D-Dimer

  D-dimer is a protein fragment formed by the breakdown of fibrin in the body. It is a marker for disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) and can also be positive in patients with deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolisms. Recently, D-dimer has been used as a predictor for the severity and mortality of Covid-19, due to

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